Cities



Albacete is a city in the Spanish autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha and the capital of the province of It is one of the most accessible cities across the country. Albacete has five large industrial zones, while the city houses the Air and Logistic Park of Albacete.

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Overlooking the Adriatic Sea, Ancona is one of the most important ports in Italy. Its economy is based on port and fishing activities, industry, trade, and services. The city was finalist for Italy’s Capital of Culture 2022, highlighting its goal of boosting culture and tourism as economic engines for development.  

Ancona is particularly interested in promoting tourism through positioning and branding strategies. The city seeks to promote urban renewal with projects linked to port and city integration and neighbourhoods rehabilitation. 

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Founded in 1986, ANCIM represents 35 municipalities of small Italian islands where residents are over 200,000 people combined. The objectives of the association are to overcome the practice of development centred almost exclusively on tourism and make the islands more sustainable both socially and economically.


The City of Aurora is the second-largest city in Illinois. Aurora has long been a transportation hub with easy access to Interstate 88, two Metra stations, and a regional airport. It also counts with four Higher Education Institutions,14 business parks, and a 130+ mile fiber network.

By Jacek Proszyk - Own work, CC0

The Bielsko-Biała functional area is organized around the agglomeration of Bielsko-Biała and Czechowice-Dziedzice. The area is socially and economically active, attracts cutting edge technologies, entrepreneurs and investors. Its main goal is sustainable and permanent development that creates favorable conditions for living, high quality services and access to well-developed technical infrastructure.


Braga has always taken a strategic and central regional role for its privileged geographical location and dynamism, playing a leading role in the region’s economy, culture, knowledge, and technology. Braga has created an environment of innovation and was selected 2021 finalist for the European Rising Innovative City by the EC.

Thematic Clusters

Education, Jobs & Skills

Cross-cutting challenges

Digital Transition & Smart City

Bratislava is the capital and largest city of Slovakia with high potential to be an example of smart and innovative solutions for sustainable urban development. It has been strongly committed to SUD and climate change adaptation as city’s historic areas are at risk from the impacts of extreme weather events.

Bratislava will continue to cooperate with Tokorozawa to integrate urban ecology viewpoints such as the role of green infrastructures into urban planning.

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Busan Metropolitan City is the second largest city in the Republic of Korea and is one of the busiest port cities in the world, renowned for tourism and culture. A Smart City National Pilot City, Busan boasts considerable experience in smart city, mobility, and transportation.

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Colleferro and Latina are located in the southern area of the Region of Lazio in central Italy, being Lazio the second region of Italy for GDP produced (about 11% of the national total) and among the 20 most important regional economies of the European Union (1.3% of the total).


Established in 1893, Da Lat is the political, economic and cultural centre of Lam Dong Province, located on Lam Vien plateau in the Central Highland Region of Vietnam, about 1,500 meters above sea level. It has historical, cultural and architectural heritage, hillsides and different flower and organic vegetable farms all around.


Eixo Atlántico is a cross-border association of 39 municipalities from Galicia (Spain) and North of Portugal with almost 30 years of experience in joint local development. It drew up the first urban agenda of an urban system in Europe, a good practice transferred to the Intermunicipal Community of Terras de Trás-os-Montes (CIM TTM).

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Genoa is the main port in Italy. It hosts headquarters of important companies and research centres. The city also benefits from an important historical heritage and actively promotes cultural tourism as a strategy to transition from an industrial to a knowledge-driven urban development model. 

Genoa seeks to promote tourism and culture as engines of social, environmental, and economic developmentthrough a digital transition based on innovation, Smart City policies, and technology. 

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Thematic Clusters

Tourism – Culture

Cross-cutting challenges

Digital Transition & Smart City

The historical core of George Town has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008. The city’s economy depends on tourism, services sector and lastly manufacturing as a primary source of income.

George Town’s focus is circular economy, waste management, data transition, mobility and transport. George Town would like to explore cooperation with EIXO Atlantico, Maia Municipality in Portugal) and NCI Bologna in Italy.

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Metropolis GZM consists of 41 cities and communes with a total area of 2,500 sq km, where 2.3 million residents live, with 240,000 companies and enterprises, generating approx. 8 percent of Poland’s GDP. It is located in the southern part of Poland.

Thematic Clusters

Education, Jobs & Skills

Cross-cutting challenges

Energy Transition & Climate Change

Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada. It is a popular tourist destination, world-renowned for its cultural heritage, several of which have been declared World Heritage Sites. In addition, Granada is well known within Spain for the University of Granada.

Granada is taking its first step towards a circular and low-carbon economy and is interested in cooperation on the use of the blockchain technology in waste management.

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Greater Manchester is a metropolitan area and combined authority situated in the Northwest of England. It is the leading metro area in the UK for devolution and is a UK pioneer in public sector reform. The Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA) has responsibilities for economic development, regeneration, and transport.

The GMCA and Osaka are interested in exchange of climate change mitigation policies towards carbon neutrality. Both cities consider possibility to extend their collaboration in other areas such as health, aging, and innovation where appropriate.

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GAM, consisted of 49 communities including Grenoble City, is an urban and industrial area surrounded by mountains, with a rather young and educated population and strong industrial assets in energy and digital sectors. It Seeks for energy transition and economic development through innovation. Its central municipality was selected European Green Capital for 2022.

GAM will continue its cooperation with Toyota on the “production and use of renewable energies”, especially hydrogen, and ways to promote open innovation through diverse stakeholder engagement.

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Ha Tinh City is in the central coastal region of Vietnam and is a centre for politics, administration, economy, culture, science and technology, education, services and transportation within and beyond the Ha Tinh Province. It is a dynamic young city with innovative urban planning actions coupled with natural assets including nice beaches, beautiful rivers, mountains.

By TasosPapan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Ioannina is a university city with strong environmental elements and rich history. Tourism has always played an important role in the economy. The Municipality of Ioannina has developed its sustainable urban development plan, aiming to protect and highlight the natural environment and cultural heritage to enhance competitiveness and promote employment.


Karlsruhe is the second largest city of the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg after its capital of Stuttgart. Since 2017, the City of Karlsruhe, together with the Czech Ministry for Regional Development, has been leading the “Urban Mobility” partnership, one of 14 thematic partnerships of the EU’s Urban Agenda.

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Regions



The region is home to the largest economy in the Caribbean and is mainly based in health services, logistics, construction, energy, tourism, and pharmaceutical and agri-food industries. Its capital city Barranquilla is one of the largest ports in the region. 

Atlántico seeks to improve competitiveness and innovation capacities amongst its economic clusters, through RIS4 and 5.0 Industry strategies. It is also interested in energy efficiency and resilience.


Attica is the region with the highest GDP per capita in the country. More than 95% of the region’s population is concentrated in the metropolitan area of Athens. The port of Piraeus connects Attica with numerous surrounding islands, making the region an important hub for services. 

Attica is interested in fostering the creation of start-ups working on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), bio-food, bio-health, agrotechnology, circular economy, and other cutting-edge industries. 

By Emilio García from Parla, Spain - Azul CAC,...

Valencia outstands for its international trade, exports, innovation, and industrial development. A region with important industrial fabric, is Spain’s main tourist destination. Ceramics, Agrofood, automotive and textile are consolidated clusters. Strategic industries with great potential, such as ICT, biotechnology, aeronautics or sociosanitary enjoy a perfect framework for their development here.

CC BY-SA 3.0

Bacau needs to attract new investments for the future. A partnership between local and central public sector is necessary for the growth of the private sector and the generation of sustainable jobs. Currently, Bacau County is facing a demographic decline and a significant part of workforce doesn’t generate added value.


Innovation and technological development are the backbone of the region’s economic development, which also include activities such as trade, manufacturing, and construction. Cantabria also features archaeological sites dating from the Upper Palaeolithic period. The service sector employs 64% of the active population, highlighting the importance of tourism in the region. 

Cantabria is interested in adaptation strategies to the post-COVID 19 pandemic. The region also seeks to upgrade teaching practices and entrepreneurial skills through the digitalisation of the education sector. 

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Thematic Clusters

Education, Jobs & Skills

Cross-cutting challenges

Post Covid Recovery
By Jardoz - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Castilla y León is Spain’s largest region. Agriculture is its major economic sector but it also has an important industrial fabric, with food and automotive as the main sectors, and focuses on the development of a knowledge-based economy, promoting such as the aerospace industry, renewable energy, health biotechnology or TICs.


Central Macedonia’s economy is heavily based on the primary sector and a rapidly growing tertiary sector. It has a consolidated skilled workforce in the food and beverage manufacturing industries. The region also has the potential of becoming a well-established destination for international touristsas well as an innovation hub. 

Central Macedonia is interested in fostering entrepreneurship to create new businesses and jobs. The region also seeks to promote sustainable agricultural practices and to improve agri-food chains and food systems.


Chihuahua is the largest State in Mexico and accounts for 12.6% of the country area. The State is one of Mexico’s most important industrial hubs, as around 90% of local businesses and employees work in export manufacturing industries.

Chihuahua seeks to advance its manufacture industry, particularly in the aerospace, technology, electronics, or automotive sectors. It is interested in RIS4 and in developing innovation and research centers. 

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The region of Coimbra has invested around 2.14% of its GDP in research and innovation, benefitting numerous economic sectors, including health, biotechnology, ICTs, logistics, forestry, and tourism. Coimbra is welcoming numerous new businesses thanks to its Industrial Zones, Incubators, and Business Nurseries available in the 19 municipalities of the region. 

Coimbra is interested in working on agriculture, livestock farming, forestry, and fishing, as well as developing its manufacturing industry. Coimbra also seeks to develop touristic services and attractions. 


Colima is home to the third most important port in Latin America and the most important commercial port in Mexico. Its economy is mainly based in tradeand features important development clusters in the knowledge economy, logistics, agri-food industry, mining, energy, construction, and tourism. 

Colima is interested in digitalisation strategies oriented towards sustainable regional development and sustainable agricultureIt also seeks to improve its management of natural resources and its energy efficiency. 

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Extremadura is at the core of Spain’s energy transition and decarbonization plans, with the installation of extended solar energy plants. The region is characterized by a rich natural heritage and its economy is mainly based on the tertiary sector, with a slightly less important industrial sector linked to agri-food production. 

Extremadura seeks to foster cooperation between the private sector, academia, and research institutions to support RIS4. It is also interested in adapting food and agricultural production to climate change. 

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By Herbert Ortner, Austria - own digital image, CC...

South Bohemia is rich in natural resources. The diversified manufacturing industry and high-quality research & innovation institutions are its strongest strengths. Agriculture and tourism present significantly. Innovative approaches and smart solutions in agriculture are well-covered in RIS3 strategy. The concept of tourism development states the inclination towards sustainable, low-carbon tourism.

By Sandor Bordas, CC BY-SA 3.0

Krapina-zagorje County’s economic activities are the production and processing industry, trading, and construction, with potential for IT, transportation, tourism, and sustainable agriculture infrastructure. It is focusing on smart village and smart city development approach, designing and implementing a digital transition strategy, and enabling interconnection between government, academia and private sectors.


La Libertad is the third most populous region in Peru. It possesses great development potential due to its important natural resources, its strong industrial vocation, and its varied tourist attractions. The regional economy is mainly based on agriculture and the manufacturing sector. 

La Libertad seeks to adopt innovation and sustainability as guiding principles for the development of tourism and agroindustry. It expressed interest in developing Industry 5.0 strategies in the manufacturing sectors.  

by Wolfgang Moroder

Ljubljana Urban Region builds its sustainable development on knowledge, innovation, and synergy. The region boosts its competitiveness by modernizing its traffic, environmental, ICT and social infrastructure as well as by developing its human potentials. Another potential lies in cooperation between academia and economic sectors to develop new products and services.


Mendoza’s economy is based on an important ecosystem of industries and services, mainly linked to food production and agriculture. Its strategic location in MERCOSUR facilitates foreign trade and economic growth. In addition, Mendoza is internationally renowned for its wine industry and beautiful landscape. 

Mendoza is interested in Regional Innovation Strategiesdigital transformation, the diversification of its productive matrix, and knowledge services. It also focuses on sustainability through water management and energy transition strategies. 


The North East Region has the lowest GDP per capita in the country, however, it boasts a rich historical and cultural heritage. The region possesses important natural landscapes, including mountains, vineyards, and large farms. Therefore, it appears as an important national tourist destination and features an active agricultural sector.

The region is interested in RIS4 and in developing economic sectors linked to agri-food, sustainable agriculture, high-tech textile industries, health, and ICTs applied to tourism and creative industries. 

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Thematic Clusters

Regional Innovation (RIS 4)

Cross-cutting challenges

Digital Transition & Smart City

The North West Region’s economy relies on dynamic industrial and service clusters, as well as the construction and agriculture sectors. The region has  great potential for tourism, as it features numerous protected natural areas, historical and cultural sites, and important resources of salt, thermal and mineral waters. 

The region seeks to develop tourism based on the potential of its therapeutic industry. It also seeks to promote digitalisation and smart specialisation strategies, particularly orientated towards health and tourism. 

Thematic Clusters

Tourism – Culture

Cross-cutting challenges

Digital Transition & Smart City

Opolskie Voivodeship benefits from the most important agricultural production in the country, thanks to its favourable climate, the presence of fertile soils, and the prevalence of a strong farming culture. The region also features important natural landmarks attracting international tourism, mostly coming from Europe

The region is interested in working on circular economyespecially on sharing economy and low-waste technologies. It seeks to promote energy efficiency practices and the sustainability of the productive sector.  


Ostrobothnia’s economy is heavily based on foreign trade and on the energy sector, which has a central role in the regional innovation strategies. The globalized innovation system of Ostrobothnia is driven by large businesses but also seeks to integrate SMEs in regional value chains.

Ostrobothnia is interested in “smarter Europe” transformation policies linked to smart regional innovation and sustainable regional specialization strategies. The region seeks to adopt policies linked to “greener Europe” initiatives.

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