By Alabama / Martin Künzel, Berlin - own work,...

Bari has a solid mercantile and entrepreneurial tradition and is always a focal point in trade and political-cultural contacts with Middle East. The main challenges Bari faces are the redevelopment of the waterfront, the conversion of brownfield into parks and cultural centres, and the enhancement of archaeological and architectural heritage.

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Bacau needs to attract new investments for the future. A partnership between local and central public sector is necessary for the growth of the private sector and the generation of sustainable jobs. Currently, Bacau County is facing a demographic decline and a significant part of workforce doesn’t generate added value.

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Beijing has built the Integrated National Demonstration Zone for opening-up the service sector and the pilot free trade zone, whilst seeking to set up the National Service Trade Innovation and Development Demonstration Zone, the Digital Trade Demonstration Zone and the Beijing Stock Exchange, in order to foster new development pattern.

By Jardoz - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Castilla y León is Spain’s largest region. Agriculture is its major economic sector but it also has an important industrial fabric, with food and automotive as the main sectors, and focuses on the development of a knowledge-based economy, promoting such as the aerospace industry, renewable energy, health biotechnology or TICs.

© CEphoto, CC BY-SA 3.0

Dalian is an important port city on the northern coast of China with tourism resources. It has a 2,211-km coastline and is the window opening to the world in the Northeast region. A model city for modern logistics, Dalian connects China to Japan, South Korea, Russia, Europe, America and Asia.

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Hangzhou strives to develop an open economy and build a key hub for “Digital Silk Road” to strengthen economic ties with European market. Recently, Hangzhou’s cross-border e-commerce model has been widely promoted. Besides, it has launched the world’s first Electronic World Trade Platform, eWTP public service platform, for overseas development.

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Jinan is a well-connected key city along the new Eurasian land corridors. With the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region to the north, the Yangtze River Delta to the south, Japan and South Korea to the east, and the Yellow River basin to the west, it has a comprehensive network of transportation means.

By Sandor Bordas, CC BY-SA 3.0

Krapina-zagorje County’s economic activities are the production and processing industry, trading, and construction, with potential for IT, transportation, tourism, and sustainable agriculture infrastructure. It is focusing on smart village and smart city development approach, designing and implementing a digital transition strategy, and enabling interconnection between government, academia and private sectors.

©Dan Nevill, CC BY 2.0

Qingdao is a popular tourist destination, an international port, and a UNESCO City of Film. Home to Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology and National Innovation Center of High-Speed Train, half of China’s marine science and technology talents and one-third of academicians in marine field are based here.

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Tianjin is the “maritime gateway” to Beijing and Xiong’an New Area, a key component of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei development. The Tianjin Port is connected to over 500 ports. Besides, Tianjin has dense railway & expressway networks and an International Airport, making it a regional hub and an international aviation logistics center.

©Howchou, CC BY 4.0

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei Province, a national central city and a key city of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. It has 3 national-level development zones. In 2020, the city’s GDP ranked 9th in China. In the first three quarters of 2021, its GDP was increased by 18.8%.


Xi’an is well connected as a global air and land transportation hub. It is one of the first pilot cities for IP commercialization and a Top 10 Innovative City. Besides, Xi’an embraces frequent international exchanges, having established sister-city relationships with 38 cities from 30 countries, including 14 European cities.

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