Albacete is a city in the Spanish autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha and the capital of the province of It is one of the most accessible cities across the country. Albacete has five large industrial zones, while the city houses the Air and Logistic Park of Albacete.

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Almada is one of the 18 municipalities in Lisbon’s Metropolitan Area. The northern river front of Almada still shelters natural species of great biological value. The preservation of these important ecological values led the Municipality of Almada to develop nature-based solutions to promote adaptation and territorial resilience.

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Almería is located in the South East of Spain. The city is surrounded by an arid landscape and a Mediterranean coastal strip featuring many tourist attractions, such as the ancient Alcazaba. The economy of Almería is mainly based on greenhouse agriculture, tourism, and the service sector.

Almería has extensive experience in water efficiency. The city is looking to learn best practices on circular economy, nature-based solutions, and environmental sustainability. 

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Anci Lazio is the Association of municipalities of Lazio region, involving both the City Council of Velletri and the City of Rome. Velletri is situated in the most densely populated part of Rome’s metropolitan area. Rome is the city with the largest urban agriculture area in Europe. 

Anci Lazio is interested in working on urban poverty alleviation and social inclusion of migrants and refugees, as well as in developing sustainable agriculture and building a Food Policy. 

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Founded in 1986, ANCIM represents 35 municipalities of small Italian islands where residents are over 200,000 people combined. The objectives of the association are to overcome the practice of development centred almost exclusively on tourism and make the islands more sustainable both socially and economically.

De Thomas Ledl - Trabajo propio, CC BY-SA 4.0

Barcelona is undergoing a third wave of transformation to reclaim and regenerate green corridors and restore biodiversity in the city by developing key high value metropolitan strategic environments for socio-economic revitalization using smart and nature-based solutions. Key urban remodelling and development projects include the Besòs River Plan and 22@.

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The Barcelona Metropolitan Area is the public administration of the metropolitan area of Barcelona and encompasses 36 municipalities. The metropolitan area occupies a strategic position in southern Europe, in the middle of the Mediterranean corridor. This privileged position has allowed it to become the epicentre of the region Catalonia.

Barranquilla is an industrial and port city bordering the Caribbean Sea. It is the capital of the Atlantic department and an economic centre of national relevance. It is indeed the most important economy of the Caribbean regioand has the fourth largest GDP amongst Colombian cities. 

Barranquilla seeks to address issues of urban poverty and regeneration of deprived neighbourhoods. The city is also interested in sustainable agriculture, with a special focus on urban gardens. 

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Bergamo is a city in the Lombardy region of Northern Italy; Its municipal administration is committed to safeguarding urban agriculture and local biodiversity through its Territorial Government Plan, which resulted in the Biodiversity Valley. Additionally, Bergamo promotes a more sustainable gastronomic industry by signing the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact.

Boston has changed dramatically over the last 50 years. After Boston’s population reached a low point in 1980, residents’ tenacity, complemented by its world-class hospitals and universities, fueled the city’s reinvention into a knowledge economy. Over the past five years, Boston has grown twice as quickly as the nation.

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Bratislava is the capital and largest city of Slovakia with high potential to be an example of smart and innovative solutions for sustainable urban development. It has been strongly committed to SUD and climate change adaptation as city’s historic areas are at risk from the impacts of extreme weather events.

Bratislava will continue to cooperate with Tokorozawa to integrate urban ecology viewpoints such as the role of green infrastructures into urban planning.

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Christchurch is the country’s second-largest city by urban area population. Historically a dominant economic activity, agriculture has been complemented by a rise in scientific and technology-based industries. One of Christchurch’s major initiatives is the development of wellbeing-focused collaborations and approaches supporting individual, community, and business resilience in response to disaster.

Colleferro and Latina are located in the southern area of the Region of Lazio in central Italy, being Lazio the second region of Italy for GDP produced (about 11% of the national total) and among the 20 most important regional economies of the European Union (1.3% of the total).

Established in 1893, Da Lat is the political, economic and cultural centre of Lam Dong Province, located on Lam Vien plateau in the Central Highland Region of Vietnam, about 1,500 meters above sea level. It has historical, cultural and architectural heritage, hillsides and different flower and organic vegetable farms all around.

Debrecen is one of Hungary’s most developed cites and an important economic, cultural, and knowledge centre located in the eastern part of the country. Its dynamic economic development contributed to Debrecen being awarded the “Best Emerging City of the Year in Central Europe” title in 2017.

Debrecen seeks to develop green infrastructure as well as sustainable urban planning and greening strategies (NBS). The city is also interested in working on sustainable agriculture and food production.

A service-based city, with an emphasis of commerce and tourisms, lying on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. Awarded to European Capital of Culture 2016.  Local Action Plan against Climate Change has been implemented with focus on energy efficiency, renewable energy use, rational use of resources and waste management.

Increasing urban resiliency would be an area of common interest for Donostia-San Sebastian, Lugo, and Toyama, encompassing a wide area of policies such as: energy efficiency; climate adaptation; and sustainable urban planning.

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Dublin is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland and is located on the coast. Its rich history and culture showcase its resilience over the years; it can be considered a city of opportunity and possibility. Dublin aims to become a sustainable city that is environmentally and socially equitable.


Essen is Germany’s 10th largest city and lies at the heart of the Metropole Ruhr. Located in the centre of Europe, the city represents a strategic industrial and service hub. Essen is also an important educational and research centre, and benefits from an important cultural background. 

Essen expressed a strong interest in working on circular economy and waste management.

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Fortaleza has worked on strengthening its capacities in land-use planning and land-based financing. The city is also deeply committed to economic and environmental sustainability and received the Sustainable Transport Award in 2018. In addition, Fortaleza is an important communication hub for its great number of submarine optical fiber cables. 

Fortaleza seeks to work on waste management and circular economy, especially on the disposal and recycling of construction waste. The city is also interested in electric transportation of recycling materials. 

Mabel Velástegui, CC BY-SA 3.0

Fuenlabrada is a municipality in the south metropolitan area of Madrid. It has developed new areas of residential and industrial growth of high urban value, with the facilities such as university, hospital, USW treatment plant, … capable of maintaining economic activities yet still preserving rustic soil and unique natural spaces.

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The region is home to the largest economy in the Caribbean and is mainly based in health services, logistics, construction, energy, tourism, and pharmaceutical and agri-food industries. Its capital city Barranquilla is one of the largest ports in the region. 

Atlántico seeks to improve competitiveness and innovation capacities amongst its economic clusters, through RIS4 and 5.0 Industry strategies. It is also interested in energy efficiency and resilience.

Attica is the region with the highest GDP per capita in the country. More than 95% of the region’s population is concentrated in the metropolitan area of Athens. The port of Piraeus connects Attica with numerous surrounding islands, making the region an important hub for services. 

Attica is interested in fostering the creation of start-ups working on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), bio-food, bio-health, agrotechnology, circular economy, and other cutting-edge industries. 

By Emilio García from Parla, Spain - Azul CAC,...

Valencia outstands for its international trade, exports, innovation, and industrial development. A region with important industrial fabric, is Spain’s main tourist destination. Ceramics, Agrofood, automotive and textile are consolidated clusters. Strategic industries with great potential, such as ICT, biotechnology, aeronautics or sociosanitary enjoy a perfect framework for their development here.

CC BY-SA 3.0

Bacau needs to attract new investments for the future. A partnership between local and central public sector is necessary for the growth of the private sector and the generation of sustainable jobs. Currently, Bacau County is facing a demographic decline and a significant part of workforce doesn’t generate added value.

Central Macedonia’s economy is heavily based on the primary sector and a rapidly growing tertiary sector. It has a consolidated skilled workforce in the food and beverage manufacturing industries. The region also has the potential of becoming a well-established destination for international touristsas well as an innovation hub. 

Central Macedonia is interested in fostering entrepreneurship to create new businesses and jobs. The region also seeks to promote sustainable agricultural practices and to improve agri-food chains and food systems.

The region of Coimbra has invested around 2.14% of its GDP in research and innovation, benefitting numerous economic sectors, including health, biotechnology, ICTs, logistics, forestry, and tourism. Coimbra is welcoming numerous new businesses thanks to its Industrial Zones, Incubators, and Business Nurseries available in the 19 municipalities of the region. 

Coimbra is interested in working on agriculture, livestock farming, forestry, and fishing, as well as developing its manufacturing industry. Coimbra also seeks to develop touristic services and attractions. 

Colima is home to the third most important port in Latin America and the most important commercial port in Mexico. Its economy is mainly based in tradeand features important development clusters in the knowledge economy, logistics, agri-food industry, mining, energy, construction, and tourism. 

Colima is interested in digitalisation strategies oriented towards sustainable regional development and sustainable agricultureIt also seeks to improve its management of natural resources and its energy efficiency. 

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Extremadura is at the core of Spain’s energy transition and decarbonization plans, with the installation of extended solar energy plants. The region is characterized by a rich natural heritage and its economy is mainly based on the tertiary sector, with a slightly less important industrial sector linked to agri-food production. 

Extremadura seeks to foster cooperation between the private sector, academia, and research institutions to support RIS4. It is also interested in adapting food and agricultural production to climate change. 

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By Herbert Ortner, Austria - own digital image, CC...

South Bohemia is rich in natural resources. The diversified manufacturing industry and high-quality research & innovation institutions are its strongest strengths. Agriculture and tourism present significantly. Innovative approaches and smart solutions in agriculture are well-covered in RIS3 strategy. The concept of tourism development states the inclination towards sustainable, low-carbon tourism.

La Libertad is the third most populous region in Peru. It possesses great development potential due to its important natural resources, its strong industrial vocation, and its varied tourist attractions. The regional economy is mainly based on agriculture and the manufacturing sector. 

La Libertad seeks to adopt innovation and sustainability as guiding principles for the development of tourism and agroindustry. It expressed interest in developing Industry 5.0 strategies in the manufacturing sectors.  

by Wolfgang Moroder

Ljubljana Urban Region builds its sustainable development on knowledge, innovation, and synergy. The region boosts its competitiveness by modernizing its traffic, environmental, ICT and social infrastructure as well as by developing its human potentials. Another potential lies in cooperation between academia and economic sectors to develop new products and services.

Magallanes features some of the most iconic natural landscapes in Chile, and around 60% of its territory is considered a Natural Protected Area. The main economic activity is manufacturing, including fossil fuels transformation, and agri-food industry. The region’s economy also depends on tourism, oil, and farming. 

The region seeks to improve its competitiveness through 4.0 technologies and digitalization strategies. It is interested in renewable and non-conventional energies, as Green Hydrogen, and in developing natural capital economies. 

Mendoza’s economy is based on an important ecosystem of industries and services, mainly linked to food production and agriculture. Its strategic location in MERCOSUR facilitates foreign trade and economic growth. In addition, Mendoza is internationally renowned for its wine industry and beautiful landscape. 

Mendoza is interested in Regional Innovation Strategiesdigital transformation, the diversification of its productive matrix, and knowledge services. It also focuses on sustainability through water management and energy transition strategies. 

Opolskie Voivodeship benefits from the most important agricultural production in the country, thanks to its favourable climate, the presence of fertile soils, and the prevalence of a strong farming culture. The region also features important natural landmarks attracting international tourism, mostly coming from Europe

The region is interested in working on circular economyespecially on sharing economy and low-waste technologies. It seeks to promote energy efficiency practices and the sustainability of the productive sector.  

Ostrobothnia’s economy is heavily based on foreign trade and on the energy sector, which has a central role in the regional innovation strategies. The globalized innovation system of Ostrobothnia is driven by large businesses but also seeks to integrate SMEs in regional value chains.

Ostrobothnia is interested in “smarter Europe” transformation policies linked to smart regional innovation and sustainable regional specialization strategies. The region seeks to adopt policies linked to “greener Europe” initiatives.

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Piura is the second most populous region in Peru, and it is one of the most vulnerable territories to “El Niño”. The regional economy heavily relies on extractive activities in the primary sector. The region was one of the top agro-exporting regions in Peru in 2020. 

Piura is interested in sustainable agriculture, hydrobiological and fishing industries, and food value chains. It also seeks to develop tourism and culture to promote Piura as a creative region. 

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by Wolfgang Moroder

Lazio is deeply involved in its Smart Specialization Strategy through the approach aiming at promoting growth and employment. The innovation drivers for Lazio are Agrofood, green and circular economy, life science, automotive and sustainable mobility, aerospace, blue Economy, digital and creative industries, security, as well as technologies for cultural heritage.

Peloponnisios, CC BY-SA 4.0

Patra is the capital of Western Greece, a major port and commercial hub. The regional economy is based on agriculture and livestock, construction and labor-intensive industries, service, as well as information and communication technologies. Furthermore, it is also home to an emerging ecosystem of clusters in Agrofood, ICT and innovation.

Silesian Voivodeship has the fourth highest GDP per capita in the country and is considered one of the regions with the greatest economic potential in Poland. It hosts 11 public universities, including the University of Silesia in Katowicewhich is the largest education centre in the country. 

The region is interested in working on regional innovationdigital transition, and smart region strategies. It also seeks to implement 4.0 industries and promote green economy. 

By Julian Nyča - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Sisak Moslavina County’s problem is high unemployment rate and unfavourable qualification and age structure of the jobless. Civil war caused large infrastructural damages. Main priorities to resolve issues above: economic growth and employment development, environmental protection and preservation of natural and cultural heritage, development of infrastructure and life quality improvement.

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